Big Bang Theory from Science and Quran Point of View

 

Let’s begin In the Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful.

1.INTRODUCTION

Science believes that the universe (the sun, the moon, the stars, the galaxy and even the human being never had a beginning. There is an endless cycle of  birth, life and death that constantly repeats itself, which never began and will never end.

Is this belief true? Is there any origin of the universe? What is the fate of the universe?

Scientists have found many evidences. Let’s see what they have found and what the Holy Qur’an says about it.

2.Conceptualizing the ideas

2.1. Big Bang: what?

Big bang is the universe's early development, the event that led to the formation  of the universe.


2.2. Science: What?               

Refers to the observation, identification, experimental  investigation and theoretical explanation of natural phenomena.               

2.3. Quran: What?          

Qur’an is the words of Allah onto prophet Muhammad (SM) through Zibrayil to guide the mankind.

3.Big Bang in Science and Qur’an

3.1. Big Bang in Science

3.1.1.History

Ancient theory of Big Bang

ü  Universe model was infinite

ü  Existed forever and will last forever

ü  Has no ending or beginning

Classical Theory of Big Bang

Georges Lemaître first suggested the big bang theory in the 1920s, when he theorized that the universe began from a single primordial atom. The idea received from Edwin Hubble's, observing that galaxies are speeding away from us in all directions.

This theory says,

ü  The universe has a beginning

ü  Came to existence from nothing

ü  Not static

ü  Undergoing constant  movement

ü  Changing and expanding

3.1.2. Formation  of  Universe

ü  The Big Bang

ü  The expansion

ü  The early hot state (The gaseous cloud)

ü  The formation of light elements

ü  The formation of galaxies

ü  The Big Bang crunch

3.1.2.1. Formation and movement of galaxies

Formation

Movement

Galaxies are typical formation throughout the universe. The milky way galaxy hosts our solar system. There are approximately 100 billion other stars in the galaxy similar to our sun. Astronomers have found everything in the galaxy was in the form of huge gaseous matter in the first few minutes after the Big Bang.

Yes, galaxies do move. They both    rotate and move through space.

According to Big Bang,  planets (including Earth) rotate around the sun also orbits the centre  of the Milky Way galaxy maintaining a distance from one another. This rotation maintains the cycle of day and night.

 

 

3.1.3. Big Bang evidences

ü  Universal expansion according to Hubble’s law.

ü  Abundance of elements.

ü  Thermal spectrum of cosmic microwave background radiation.

ü  Primordial gas cloud.

ü  Speed of light

ü  Stellar formation and distance.

ü  Galactic evolution and distribution.

ü  Consistency.

3.1.4.Expansion of Universe

The expansion of the universe is the increase in distance  between any two given gravitationally unbound  parts of the observable universe  with time.

In 1929 astronomer Edwin Hubble discovered that the Universe isn’t static but is in fact expanding. The space itself expanded faster than the speed of light. During this period, the universe doubled in size at least 90 times, going from subatomic-sized to golf-ball-sized almost instantaneously.

3.1.5.Big Bang Crunch (reverse big bang)

The Big Bang Crunch explains how the universe will end.




OK…Enough Science‼ Now lets see what the Qur’an says about that…

3.2. Big Bang in Qur’an

3.2.1. Formation  of  Universe

“Do the disbelievers not see that the heavens and the earth were one mass, and We tore them apart? And We made from water every living thing. Will they not believe?”(Qur’an 21:31)

Following this big explosion, Allah

“………..turned to sky while it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, "Come [into being], willingly or by compulsion." They said, "We have come willingly.“( Qur’an 41: 11)

3.2.2. Movement  of  Galaxies

The Quran states that, Allah created the sun the moon, and the planets, with their individual orbit.

“And He (is) The One Who created the night and the daytime, and the sun and the moon, each swimming in an orbit.”

3.2.3. Expansion  of  Universe

And the earth We have spread out, and excellent is the preparer. (Qur’an:51:48)

And the heaven We constructed with strength, and indeed, We are [its] expander. (Quran:51:47)

3.2.4. Big Crunch

The Quran speaks …

In a verse talking about the ultimate fate of the universe, Allah says:

“The Day when We will fold the heaven like the folding of a [written] sheet for the records. As We began the first creation, We will repeat it. [That is] a promise binding upon Us. Indeed, We will do it.” [21:104]

3.3. Similarities  and  Dissimilarities

3.3.1. Similarities

ü  Both Qur’an and science agreed that, everything was messed up in a single point, then was separated.

ü  Both agrees on, everything in the sky was initially in the form of huge cloud or gas.

ü  Both agrees on the movement of  galaxies.

ü  Both stated about the big crunch.

3.3.2. Dissimilarity

There  are no big dissimilarities in science and Qur’an about big bang.

       Science named the formation of universe as big bang, but Qur’an didn’t.

       Quran said about the big crunch saying, “we will recreate it”. Science thinks its a new universe.

       After all, science still don't believe in creationism.

4.Conclusion

                Everything happens on the earth have been explained in the Quran thousand years ago. Quran is a revelation that contain a lot of knowledge that have been proven its truth and in accordance with the new found modern technology. Although Quran did not explain in detail on how the universe was created, but we must believe that Allah is the creator of all. The westerns admit the truth in Quran. There are no books that can fight the truth of revelation in Quran.

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