Elements that Make up lean Production

In this article we will analyse the different elements that make up lean production. Which do we think is the most important and why?

What is it?

Lean production is a production methodology focused on eliminating waste, where waste is defined as anything that does not add value for the customer. Although Lean's heritage is manufacturing, it is applicable to all types of organisation and all an organisation's processes.


Lean production is a set of tools or technique used by a company to improve production. It focuses on minimizing resources which are used in production by which it will reduce waste of time, money and resources. This technique was developed in Japan to reduce waste products.

Key elements of lean production

Key elements of lean production are as follows:


It helps in illustrating the flow of waste material which are required to bring finished product to the buyer . It is especially used for identifying potential case spread over the course of a complex process, with an accurate definition of lead time serving as a crucial component. The sessions of lean training help the employees to determine from where the production process can be used to reduced the waste. The outcome of the value stream Mapping at Nestle water can be used to plan the new bottling plant, ensuring the process as efficient as possible.


Kaizen is another idea Developed in Japan which supports lean production by introducing the idea of Continuous improvement. The main focus of kaizen is on Improvement in the productivity, eliminating the waste material, and achieving sustained continual improvement in the targeted activities and processes of an organization. Kaizen as a concept in nestle makes sure that the improvement is the responsibility of everyone involved. It states that smallest improvement should be made because they can lead to big savings.


This is the third element of lean production. Any activity which puts cost on a product without adding value is waste and reduces efficiency. MUDA is the term for waste in Japanese. The mnemonic TIMWOOD comprises of the seven areas which emcompass the concept of Muda.



Impact: Moving the materials unnecessarily wastes time and energy.
Improvement: Reduces weight/size of pieces to ease handling

Impact: Too much stock increases costs of storage.
Improvement: Ensure suitable customer outlets available to buy products so no build up of stock occurs.

Impact: People moving or traveling excessively and unnecessarily
Improvement: Use effective project planning to ensure efficient performance

Impact: Wastes employee time or keeps customers waiting
Improvement: Equipment and timescales planned ahead

Impact: Repeated activity wastes time
Improvement: Elimination of unnecessary steps in process


Impact: Extra material has storage costs.
Improvement: Computer modeling minimizes trial failure

Impact : Reworking wastes time and materials
Improvement: Computer modeling minimises trial failure.


It is Japanese production technique which focuses on timings during the production process because both storing and waiting for materials can increase costs. It Ensures materials arrive just as they are needed. And transport must arrive to take finished products away just-in-time, without any waiting or storage costs. It is a continuous improvement but only works as part of an overall lean strategy and Improves the efficiency of process. Through Just in time Nestle water can able to make the most efficient use of storage and time at the new factory and can make continues improvements by reducing in process inventory.

Most Important Element Of Lean Production:

The most important of lean production is JIT as it is the only one which help in reducing the time of every aspect. Its main focus is to increase improvement in all aspects by bringing more efficiency in process which result in improving productivity which help in better returning the stake holders. It also help in controlling stock by making sure that material should be reached at right place at right time and supplier should deliver the product in time and distributors should pick that product immediately. By assuring this unnecessary loading of material and transportation cost and excess material wastage can also be maintained.

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